Recycling & Disposal

 

Recycling of Solvents

Chlorinated solvents are perfectly suited for recycling. Recycling takes place inside modern dry-cleaning and metal cleaning machines where this is an essential part of the cleaning cycle and significantly increases the eco-efficiency of the chlorinated solvents. Used solvent can be externally recycled and re-used, while the residues (dirt, grease etc.) need to be safely collected and disposed of by authorised disposal companies. Certain authorized suppliers offer to take back waste in special safety containers or equivalent closed loop systems. Transport and take back, and recycling of spent solvents require a permit under local waste legislation. It is important that spent solvents and residues are labelled in accordance with EU CLP Regulation, ADR/RID transport regulations, national waste laws and the correct EU waste codes assigned. Classification & labelling of spent solvents depend on the composition and has to be determined on a case by case basis (ask your waste disposer/recycler for support). 

 

Drum recycling/disposal

Drums with remnant solvent should be disposed of as hazardous waste according to waste regulations or should be sent for reconditioning. It is not recommended to use reconditioned drums for fresh & spent chlorinated solvents.

Empty special safety containers or equivalent containers with closed loop systems will be taken back by the supplier or distributor or approved waste manager. Non-returnable drums have to be empty and free of solvent residues and un-labelled, before they can be sent back to metal recyclers.

 

Further information  on recycling and disposal of solvents can be found here:

Municipal Waste Europe website

The European Solvent Recyler Group (ESRG) website

 

Revision: 02/2018

 

Montreal Protocol Meeting - ECSA & HSIA side event

November 2017

DCM & the ozone layer
24 November 2017 – 13hrs – Montréal

During this side event, we will provide you with scientific facts and figures on the worldwide production, emissions of the VSLS Dichloromethane (DCM) and its negligible contribution to ozone depletion.
We will consider the following criteria: global production by industry and emissions, global natural production, behavior and effect on the atmosphere, regulatory overview for DCM. The full paper is available here. A one-pager summary is also available.
More information

IOELVs for DCM, CTC and PER published

February 2017

Indicative Occupational Exposure Limit Values (IOELVs) for DCM, CTC and PER have been published by the EU Commission (cf. DIRECTIVE (EU) 2017/164 of 31.1.2017), which are in line with the REACH DNEL(inhalation) for workers. 
These IOELVs have to be considered by member states for setting national exposure limits (OELs), which they have to accomplish by 21. August 2018. Only national OELs are legally binding for occupational safety, whereas the IOELVs have to be considered by users in case no OELs is set, yet.  The relevant OELs are provided with the SDS of the solvents suppliers (cf. chapter 8.1). 

 

UBA PMT criteria published

February 2018

The German Environment Agency (UBA, Umweltbundesamt) has published the assessment of "Persistence, Mobility and Toxicity (PMT)" with the desire to protect drinking water sources. Applying conservative criteria for PMT as defined by UBA, perchloroethylene (PER) and trichloroethylene (TRI) appear as number 2 and 3 on the report. UBA also aims to establish PMT as an equivalent concern to identify SVHC substance for authorisation under REACH. ECSA does not consider SVHC identification using PMT criteria as the appropriate tool to improve drinking water quality due to this being a pure hazard based approach and thus does not consider risk. TRI is already listed in Annex XIV (authorisation) and today PER is handled almost exclusively in closed systems with no intentional emission to water or soil. For further information see the ECSA position paper on PER here.

New Study on DCM

October 2016

Together with HSIA, ECSA supported a study to clarify the mode of action of cancer formation for methylene chloride (DCM). A publication is expected soon in a peer reviewed scientific journal. The outcome of the study shows that below a threshold there is no risk on cancer formation related to DCM.