ECSA Publications

ECSA regularly publishes new or updated documents with scientific and technical information on the products for users and regulators, which you can read and/or download here.


Storage and Handling of Chlorinated Solvents - September 2016 



Labels for Drums of Chlorinated Solvents- March 2017

Perchloroethylene- March 2017 


Fact Sheet  - Closed equipment technology for metal degreasing- February 2008

List of Manufacturers of metal degreasing machines  - March 2010 

ECSA Sustainability Programme - Progress report 2007-2012        


Recommendations for Cleaning Machines - March 2017

Information Sheet for Dry-Cleaners - Jan 2016       

 Health Profiles 


Trichloroethylene - Nov 2011  

Perchloroethylene- Dec 2015

Dichloromethane- Dec 2015


 Product Safety Summaries

 Trichloroethylene- Nov 2015

Perchloroethylene- Dec 2015


 Dichloromethane- Dec 2015


Euro Chlor Marine Risk Assessment        

Trichloroethylene (TRI)-  June 1997

Perchloroethylene (PER)- June 1997

Methylene Chloride (DCM)- Feb 1999


Tri Charter - For the safe use of Trichloroethylene - 2007






IOELVs for DCM, CTC and PER published

February 2017

Indicative Occupational Exposure Limit Values (IOELVs) for DCM, CTC and PER have been published by the EU Commission (cf. DIRECTIVE (EU) 2017/164 of 31.1.2017), which are in line with the REACH DNEL(inhalation) for workers. 
These IOELVs have to be considered by member states for setting national exposure limits (OELs), which they have to accomplish by 21. August 2018. Only national OELs are legally binding for occupational safety, whereas the IOELVs have to be considered by users in case no OELs is set, yet.  The relevant OELs are provided with the SDS of the solvents suppliers (cf. chapter 8.1). 


IARC monograph on DCM

January 2017

DCM has been re-classified by IARC (IARC website) from Group 2B (Possibly carcinogenic to humans) to the next higher Group 2A (Probably carcinogenic to humans). This reclassification from 2014 has been published recently (Dichloromethane).In the opinion of ECSA the reclassification is not scientifically justified. IARC Monograph classifications are also questioned by other associations such as the American Chemical Council (ACC). However the IARC classification is of no regulatory relevance in EU as European legislation is triggered by classification according to the CLP (GHS) regulation (EC 1272/2008).  


New Study on DCM

October 2016

Together with HSIA, ECSA supported a study to clarify the mode of action of cancer formation for methylene chloride (DCM). A publication is expected soon in a peer reviewed scientific journal. The outcome of the study shows that below a threshold there is no risk on cancer formation related to DCM.


Use of Perchloroethylene is safe in Germany

October 2016

The German federal authorities published a comprehensive guidance on the safe use of PER in dry-cleaning based on German regulations (2. BImSchV in force since 1990). ECSA supported the English translation of this guidance, which is now available on the website of the LAVG, the federal authority in charge.

The exposure study, as referenced in the guideline, proved that the use of PER is safe, if PER is applied according to regulations such as the 2. BImSchV and exposure is very low, well below the current German OEL.